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Glaucoma Management and Treatment
Glaucoma affects as many as 3 million people in the U.S., causing irreversible vision loss and, in many cases, complete blindness in one or both eyes. The risk of developing glaucoma is higher among people who are older and among those with diabetes and a family history of the disease. Early symptoms can be virtually unnoticeable, which means many patients won’t know they have glaucoma until they experience permanent vision loss. Having routine eye exams is critical for identifying the disease early so treatment can begin before significant vision loss occurs.
While there is no cure for vision loss caused by glaucoma, if you’ve been diagnosed with glaucoma, there are many things you can do to prevent the disease from progressing. Omni Eye Care Center is a leader in glaucoma management and treatment for men and women throughout the Plano, TX, area. Here’s what you need to know:
Glaucoma is an umbrella term for several eye conditions that cause damage to the optical nerve. Most people with glaucoma have increased pressure inside the eye, usually as a result of problems that interfere with the way fluid drains from the eye. As fluid builds up, pressure inside the eye (called intraocular pressure) increases, compressing the very sensitive optic nerve located at the back of the eye. The optic nerve takes all the information from the light-sensitive retina and transmits it to the brain where it’s converted into images. When the nerve becomes damaged by increased pressure and compression, it’s no longer able to accurately transmit information from the retina, and sight is diminished and, eventually, lost. Some people can develop glaucoma even with normal intraocular pressures. Researchers aren’t sure exactly how glaucoma occurs in these patients, but they do know having diseases like severe migraine headaches, low blood pressure, angina (chest pain) and sleep apnea can increase the risks of developing glaucoma.
Glaucoma can be diagnosed with a comprehensive Plano eye exam. During the exam, the eye doctor will use a special instrument to painlessly measure the pressure inside the eye. Plus, the doctor will look for subtle changes inside the eye that occur with glaucoma, including the type of glaucoma that occurs in people with normal intraocular pressure.
If you’ve been diagnosed with glaucoma, your Plano eye doctor will help you manage your disease with special eye drops or medications to lower intraocular pressure. The eye doctor also will perform regular comprehensive eye exams to assess the health of your eyes and your vision, and to track the progress of the disease. In some severe cases, your eye doctor may recommend a surgical procedure to improve drainage inside the eye. In those cases, the doctor can make a referral to a top eye surgeon in the area.
Patients with glaucoma and those at risk for the disease need regular eye exams to prevent vision loss and to keep track of the disease progression. Omni Eye Care Center offers state-of-the-art Plano eye exam services and glaucoma treatments tailored for each patient’s individual needs for optimal outcomes and better eye health. To schedule your exam and consultation, call Omni Eye Care Center today.